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Ara. A not finished piece. It features a square-section body with protruding top and bottom, profiled in two well-defined and different sections (straight and circular arc). Given its shape, its function could have been that of a cippus or a statue’s pedestal.

The artefact presents a double colonisation:

1) Epilithic (superficial) with whitish encrustations caused by Bryozoans, sea worms (Polychaeta serpulidae) and white algal thalli;

2) endolithic (inside the marble), made of holes of various shapes and sizes, due to bioerosion caused by boring sponges (image in the middle and bottom left) that, through a mechanical action and an attack by acids, are capable of solubilising the calcium carbonate. This type of degradation is very harmful to stone materials of a carbonatic nature, as it weakens the material’s resistance and potentially leads to a further degradation due to water’s hydrodynamics and sediments’ abrasion.

Orsi P. 1911, Crotone. Scoperte subacquee presso l’Heraeum, in Notizie degli Scavi, Supplemento, pp. 118-124.

Orsi P. 1921, Crotone. Nuove scoperte subacquee di marmi in parte scritti a Punta Scifo, in Notizie degli Scavi, pp. 493-496.

Pensabene P. 1978, A cargo of marble shipwrecked at Punta Scifo near Crotone (Italy), IJNA 7.2, p. 116.

MUSAS Ref. No.CAPCOL-02Dimensionsh. m 1.40; upper part sides m 0.81 x 0.86; body sides m 0.63 x 0.63; base sides m 0.82 x 0.87MaterialsProconnesian marbleLocationSandpit in the National Archaeological Museum of Capo ColonnaOriginWreck of Punta Scifo ADatingEnd of III – early IV century A.D.Share